Struggles and Scars

Does love give us the right to overlook consent? No, not even if Bollywood says so!

While taking and giving consent in a relationship appears to satisfy gender equality requirements, society, influenced by Bollywood has still placed the power to ask in the man's hands
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Is it equality if it’s still the man who chooses whether or not to ask for consent?

In a moment of physical intimacy when I thought my long-standing partner and I were on the same page, he paused and asked me, “You’re OK with it, right? Because I don’t want to rape you.” I was stung to the quick at what had felt like an insult. “Of course I am OK with it or I won’t have been quiet so far.”

I understood that he was trying to do the right thing. Neither do I believe that “no” has to be accompanied by some physical action as specific as a Taekwondo step. In order to be heard and acceded to, no does not have to be spoken in a specific pitch or a delineated tone.

In order to be heard and acceded to, no does not have to be spoken in a specific pitch or a delineated tone.

“I’m letting you go because I’m such a good man”

But what he said seemed to crack from side to side the illusory mirror of an equal relationship. It appeared like I might have agency, but he had the power, an idea that had got the backing of popular culture through Hindi cinema.

In these films, I have seen country bumpkin “heroes”, corner rich, “spoilt” city women in secluded spots and make them realise that the heroes could have raped the women who had been such brats but wouldn’t, because that’s how nice the men were. After this, the women would learn their lesson and stay in their place for the rest of the reel.

Related reading: What should I do if I love someone who does not love me?

The role of the women is passive

It takes me back to my problem with sexual cusswords, which sound like all men have the prowess to sexually assault their mothers and sisters, and those who don’t do so are men of sterling character. The women don’t have a role to play; they have to take lying down whatever comes their way.

The 2015 action-thriller NH10 tries to be an exception and challenge this idea, in which the lead actor-producer Anushka Sharma fights to protect another woman, herself and her partner. I saw this movie in a theatre and the discomfort it caused in the men in the hall was clear by their sniggering when Anushka tries to erase the word “randi” (slur for a prostitute) in a public toilet or seems on the verge of being captured by the men threatening to rape and murder her. These sons-of-the-soil visit the multiplex to be entertained, to see action dramas that would make them feel virile enough to take on the impending Mondays. And to see a woman in “their” place does not make them happy, no, that throws their weekend into a tizzy.

The findings of the 2014 study by the Geena Davis Institute on Gender Media therefore came as no surprise, with Indian cinema ranking high in the sexualisation of women. An Indian man in Australia escaped conviction when his lawyer argued that his client had been under the influence of Hindi movies, which hawk the myth that a woman’s no is fiction begging to be harassed, heckled and harangued into a yes. Songs such as “Neela dupattapeela suit. . .” from the 1997 movie Hamesha or “Appun bolatu meri. . .” from Josh of the year 2000 have lines insisting that the woman’s refusal is to be read as an acceptance. And to force-feed women this yes or to ignore their no, the male characters are licensed to employ all of their real or imagined brawn power over women who are not supposed to have any.

The burden is only on the men

This notion of consent also upsets equality in another way, by putting the onus of asking solely on men. I recently met a college student who admitted that the recent discussions on consent had made her realise that when drunk in parties she had been guilty of kissing men without having asked them. Another millennial friend told me that when her date had asked her before kissing, she had been upset because his apparently functional talk had ruined the romantic setting. On his way to the pharmacy, when my partner had matter-of-factly asked me about whether I preferred a particular brand of condoms, I remember wincing. I felt something was off if that was my instinctive response to a man having equal consideration for a woman’s desire and pleasure.

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It is common in cinema for a man to articulate desire, while the woman would smile in reticence, roll her eyes, and shake her head. The message being conveyed is that that if she were to concede to the man’s request she would be doing so only to fulfil the man’s wish and what she considers her own duty.

Related reading: BDSM 101: The importance of consent

Does “love” give you the right to overlook consent?

I mulled over it and felt that popular media had engaged us more in the romance of lovemaking and less in conversations about safe and consensual sex. In films like Jagga Jasoos (2017), Tanu Weds Manu (2011) and Life in a Metro (2007) the men in the lead have supposedly progressed from machismo into being sensitive, self-effacing people. They too, however, get the directorial pass to kiss the women they are pursuing while these women are asleep and are in no position to grant or refuse their consent. Nowhere in the stories does this behaviour get flagged as being problematic, because it has already been established that the men’s actions are driven not by “lust” but by “true love”.

No wonder then that 60 per cent of the around 9000 men surveyed in India by the International Centre for Research on Women admitted that they had been violent to their partners at some point. And a 2015 WHO report found India had the highest number of the world’s unwanted pregnancies (17.1 per cent).

Related reading: Why accepting a date is NOT an invitation to rape

Don’t want, don’t ask

Such situations also prove why asking for consent has to be thought of as mutual responsibility. Indian director Paromita Vohra’s short film, The Amorous Adventures of Megha and Shakku,does an excellent job of establishing this. It motivates women across ages to shake off their conditioning, (the association of shame and impropriety with the idea of a woman voicing her desire) and prompts them to freely speak out their yes, no and maybe, as the case may be.

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The 2016 film Lipstick Under My Burkha also shows how the Indian society strives to keep both desire and consent away from women. The fact that the film had to fight a tough battle against censorship, while films where women are presented as consumables for men are readily shown the green signal by the film certification board, exposes the inherent gender bias of the Hindi film industry.

Consent cuts both ways

Just as the man doesn’t always have to be the one to ask the woman out or invite intimacy in a relationship, the woman can be the first one to ask if he’s OK with it.

Just as the man doesn’t always have to be the one to ask the woman out or invite intimacy in a relationship, the woman can be the first one to ask if he’s OK with it.

And if both think it is their duty to ask, no one would see it outside the purview of a romantic relationship. This would also break the hackneyed, and precarious, idea of how it is rude, or ungallant for men to say no to women. (I was once seeing someone who had explained his cheating as part of his gentlemanly behaviour, wherein he was too much of a knight to refuse a lady’s advances.)

struggles n scars native

Consent has to be rooted in respect for everyone around us, in the basic sensitivity of how we interact with each other. It should not have to depend on who is able to assert more force physically in a given situation or show greater agility in bolting out of it. When we say we wouldnot violate someone, it should be the same as saying we couldnot, because we practically shudder at the thought. Much of mainstream Hindi cinema still needs to learn this.

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1 Comment

  1. I couldn’t agree more. I have always had this question on my mind that how can men who ‘let you go’ without raping you when they have a chance be termed as ‘good men’. The fact that even the thought crossed their minds is scary enough!
    Having said so I also believe that consent works both ways. One cannot always blame the boys and men.

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