Gender Equality In A Marriage And Taking Care Of Parents In Old Age

Expert Speak | | Expert Author , Consultant Women Empowerment Enthusiast & Parenting Coach
Updated On: March 22, 2024
woman thinking with purse

Tussles with gender equality have been observed in many marriages. From the actual wedding rituals to taking care of children, gender dynamics in a marriage are often questioned throughout this entire process. While marriages are abundant in love and happiness, they also come with a horde of responsibilities.

Money and marriage is one such delicate responsibility that needs to be taken care of. With two people earning and having their own money, dividing and allocating funds raises a lot of alarms in regards to gender equality. Read the below account to understand more.

Gender Equality Often Thrives In Our House

“My husband, Martin, and I live in the UK. He is a communication engineer and I am in research. We both are postgraduates and earn almost the same, totaling to a good and sufficient income at home. We have one daughter and take equal responsibility of the child and home. Gender equality is abundant in our home with regard to any work. Traditional gender roles barely dictate us in the household. I don’t even have to ask my husband for help. He is always around the house with me after work.”

“We make joint decisions with regard to vacations, investments and other monetary matters. We have been agreeable from the beginning about finances and that has been one of the successful aspects of our marriage. Money and marriage has never been too challenging for us. The plan was that my salary be used for our livelihood in the UK and Martin’s salary for the EMI of our house back in India, investment for our daughter’s college education and our vacations,” said Ann.

Related Reading: How money issues can ruin your relationship

Money is important but how many couples achieve an understanding?

One of the biggest challenges in married life is to think on the same page. In an equation that involves two people with individual personalities, that is not easy to achieve. And the toughest page is the page of finance. Therefore, finance is usually not the first topic that is discussed among married couples.

Getting to a consensual financial arrangement of the kind Martin and Ann have is praiseworthy. Decades ago, the wife’s earning was called ‘pin money’ meaning it was used for the peripherals, as they didn’t earn as much as the husbands did.

Today, with women earning at par, the contribution from the women has become crucial to the mainstream financial planning of the house. This in itself has been a transformation in the Indian context. But this financial dynamics comes with its own flaws.

Though most couples think they are in sync on financial matters, this is far from the truth. Money, marriage and managing differences is something that Martin and Ann still need to work on.

“We have a joint account where we both know our expenditures and agree on all terms. Except for one aspect, and that is a deal-breaker in our marriage. He sends Rs 20,000 to his parents every month, while I am not to do this. I have absolutely no issues with him sending home money to his parents because I believe that as children taking care of parents in old age is our responsibility. His parents are retired and his mother, having been a central government employee, draws a comfortable pension.

Deciding financial allocation should be a joint responsibility in a marriage
Deciding financial allocations should be a joint responsibility in a marriage

My father recently retired, while my mother has always been a homemaker. When I suggested to Martin that we have to send Rs 20,000 to my parents also, he didn’t agree, saying that we do not have that money to spare,” said Ann in much sorrow. “Taking care of parents in old age is something that I would also like to be responsible for. I am Martin’s wife but I am also my parent’s daughter.”

I marry you, you marry my whole family

The Indian husband makes place only for one person in his life, but the Indian wife has to make place for an entire new family with the expectation of wiping out her own at times. Ann was accepting of the love and care Martin gave his parents but wished to do the same for her family. This was something Martin couldn’t understand.

When there is equality in partnership, then caring for each other’s parents is also a part of that partnership. Make it a point to get on with her parents and support them as well. Show respect and warm hospitality to your wife’s family and friends. Loving your wife also means loving her family and her need to support her family.

Gender equality does not exist fully in this marriage and it leads to arguments
Gender equality does not exist fully in this marriage and it leads to arguments

“We can support my parents morally and financially, which is just the same as looking after his parents. We have a discussion on every aspect of our financial life, but this is one aspect where he doesn’t even like a discussion and directly made a decision. This partiality hurts me. Taking care of parents in old age should not be a partial responsibility. What is more hurting is that we agree on every minor aspect of home economics and gender equality. We are also great at saving money as a couple. But this one decision he took without even telling me. My parents have no pension coming in and I am their only child. We are from a middle-class family and they spent a lot of money on educating me in the UK. I don’t want to wait for them to fall sick to look after them and I wish to contribute a part of our income to them as well,” lamented Ann.

No scope for discussion

Ann treats Martin’s family as hers; therefore, Martin should treat her family as his. Ann had rightly used the word ‘our income’ and she is not suggesting that they have to contribute from her income. His viewpoint is that since he works hard he should be able to give money to his parents. He sees it as his duty to help them.

In his view, they are a part of the package and she should understand that. She doesn’t seem to understand that only he has a duty to his parents. Ann considers this completely unfair. Is this a sign of a broken marriage? Before marriage, one’s allegiance is to parents; after marriage, allegiance shifts to one’s mate. So when the decision comes to support parents this one should also be in sync. Gender equality seems to be hindered in such a case.

“This is the first time that we have had a tiff on money and marriage. Martin refuses to listen to my concern. I have a good mind to start sending money to my parents without his consent just like he does, but I know that would begin to damage the marriage vows beyond repair. I want to be honest with him about using my money for taking care of my parents in old age. Martin would not be as forgiving as I am. Now, I feel that no matter how egalitarian an Indian man is, some element of patriarchy is deep-rooted in him,” said Ann.

I have an equal responsibility taking care of parents in old age

Money management is still a role that Indian men pride themselves on. Breaking that myth are the equally earning women. We are finally achieving gender equality in the workplace and I wish that could seep quickly into money and relationships too. There are many changes that happen in a woman’s life after marriage but this should not be one of them.

If Martin supports his parents, Ann must, too. In India, that’s what the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 initiated. This act is to provide more effective provisions for the maintenance and welfare of parents and senior citizens. It makes it a legal obligation for children and heirs to provide maintenance to senior citizens and parents, by monthly allowance. But since Ann and Martin earn outside the country, Martin takes a decision on this.

“Ever since I spoke about supporting my parents, Martin has stopped talking to them. They have not asked me for help, but I wish to do this as my responsibility to my parents. Martin says if they have a medical emergency then we can help. But I feel this is truly unfair, waiting for them to fall sick and we become their medical insurance. Martin won’t even listen to me and now I have no more explanation to give in this regard.

“I told Martin clearly that next month onward I’m going to support my parents. I know this is going to be the elephant in the room in our marriage, but I have to take this step. My father has been talking about taking up some consultancy from home and I would be delighted if he did that,” Ann said.

Indian society places high value on children supporting aged parents. There is no gender disparity in this case. If both partners don’t agree on this aspect, there will be disputes and marriage can breakdown. Since Ann’s parents have no further income coming in, Ann is doing a great job by supporting them. It is also advisable for parents to work as long as their physical health and mental wellbeing permits.


1. How to ensure gender equality in a marriage?

By ensuring equal distribution of work, caring for each other constantly and handling finances equally as well. Regardless of who earns more, both should have a stake in deciding how the money should be spent.

2. How important is financial planning in a marriage?

Probably the most important because marriages are not just about love but have a lot of other roles and responsibilities that come with it. Money and marriage is an important aspect and should be given prime importance.

3. Should a man take all money decisions in a marriage?

Absolutely not, because that defeats all purposes of gender equality. As a partner in a marriage, you have an equal stake in how and on what the money should be spent. A woman should also be active in this process and take things into her own hands sometimes.

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