Wide choice of contraceptives to choose from
The couple that has no immediate plan of bearing children or contracting STDs must keep protection handy. Family planning must be discussed. Should we have children? When should we have them? What happens in case of an unintentional pregnancy?
It is always handy to keep condoms nearby, but no contraceptives are fully sperm-proof. The dopamine that hits right after a couple gets married might result in powerful, earth-moving, mind-blowing kind of sex. And right in the middle of all the sex, the question of the right protection might totally get lost.
While talking about protection for newly-weds, it depends on how many children they want and when they want it. With the bloom of science, there are long term contraceptives and short time contraceptives. Of course condoms are the best contraceptives against sexually transmitted infections and diseases. But today there is a wide choice of protection for newly-wed couples to choose from.
If the couple is planning on not having children at all, long term, then irreversible contraceptives are the way to go.
Long-term, irreversible contraceptives
Sterilization for females
Sterilization is an effective protection method for women who decide not to have children. This is an irreversible contraceptive method and will not, in anyway, affect orgasms or cause hormonal imbalance in the body.
The process is a surgical one where the fallopian tube that carries the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus is sealed. It stops the fusion of eggs with sperms so unwanted pregnancy cannot occur.
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Vasectomy for males
Vasectomy is a way to go for male sterilization. A simple procedure where the vas deferens (sperm carrying tubes) are sealed so that sperm cannot enter the fluid ejected during ejaculation. The testicles keep producing sperms but it is simply absorbed by the body. Male body can ejaculate after vasectomy but ejaculation does not contain sperm so there is no pregnancy scare.
Other than long-term, irreversible contraceptive methods, there are short-term, reversible ones. These methods can be changed anytime and pregnancy is possible after that. These methods can be opted for couples who would like to enjoy uninhibited sex for a few years before having to discuss family planning. These start working as soon as they are put in and offers a protection for unwanted pregnancy.
Short term, reversible contraceptives
One shot of the injection can last up to 3 months. The purpose of this injection is to thicken the mucus cover around the cervix which makes it difficult for the sperm to get to the uterus. The injection, known as Depo-Provera, contains the hormone progesterone that stops ovulation. It is a highly effective contraceptive with a success rate of 99%.
Much like the Contraceptive Injection that releases progesterone, this method of contraception is an implant that is placed in the upper arm. The contraceptive implant is a 4 inch flexible rod that is implanted in the upper arm and releases progesterone. The effect is very much like the contraceptive injection. It stops the ovulation and thickens the mucus around the cervix. The difference between a contraceptive injection and an implant lies in the fact that an implant is more of a long term solution. While an injection’s validity slowly dissolves after three weeks, an implant is effective up to five years. The success rate of an implant is 99% and only 1 out of 2000 might get pregnant. Fertility will return as soon as the implant is removed. It is a much better protection than condoms or I-pills.
Long-term protection and it lasts up to 12 years. Copper T is a small plastic and copper device that is placed in the uterus through the cervix and the procedure takes only a few minutes. It prevents the fusion of an egg with a sperm or an egg implanting in a uterus. This is a long-term, reversible contraceptive method and is totally hormone-free.
Like the previous methods, fertility returns right after the device is removed and getting pregnant can resume.
These contraceptive methods are long lasting and reversible and are much effective than condoms or I-pills.
And then there are the daily methods that are used by couples.
A small pill can go a long way. For the newly-weds, who have not invested in any long term contraceptives and seriously do not want to get pregnant right away, I-pills are a godsend. If the couple has had unprotected sex, this contraceptive pill is effective even after 2 days from the act. Also known as the morning after pill, this pill manipulates the body’s hormones to block the pathway to the female eggs. However, this method leaves a marked hormonal change in the body which might be noticeable after its daily use. But it works great as an emergency contraceptive method, after the sex has taken place.
And lastly, condoms are the most common contraceptive used. It not only provides birth control but is the only method that controls STDs and STIs too. No other form of contraceptive provides prevention against sexually transmitted diseases apart from condoms. But condom splits can happen and in that case, a morning after pill should be taken.